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Orthodontic Terms

The process of cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth.


The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe adhesive.


An x-ray of the head that shows if your teeth are aligned and growing properly.

Cephalometric X-ray

A meeting with your orthodontist where your treatment plan is discussed.


The removal of cemented orthodontic brackets.


Emergencies do not occur very often, but if they do, our team will respond quickly.


Extractions of impacted or problematic teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.


The first step is making a model of your teeth. You bite into a tray filled with a rubber-type material. That material hardens to produce a mold of your teeth.


Orthodontic treatment usually begins between the ages of 7 and 10. The objective of interceptive orthodontic treatment is to provide orthopedic intervention, so that later orthodontic treatment is less complex.

Interceptive Treatment

Interproximal reduction (IPR) is the removal of small amounts of outer enamel tooth surface between two adjacent teeth. It is a means to acquire additional space to create ideal tooth alignment. Alternative names include: slenderizing, stripping, enamel reduction, and reproximation.

Interproximal Reduction (IPR)

Effective brushing and flossing is most critical during orthodontic treatment. Regular visits to your family dentist for examination and cleaning are also essential. The results of inadequate oral hygiene include decalcification (white spots/marks), gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), and periodontal disease (inflammation leading to bone loss).

Oral Hygiene

An evaluation of your progress where your wires may be changed to keep your treatment on track and moving forward.

Orthodontic Adjustment

Pictures taken at the beginning and upon the completion of treatment. Pictures taken upon the completion of treatment show the amazing changes that the orthodontics has achieved in both growth and development of the teeth, jaws and aesthetics of the smile. The orthodontist uses these pictures throughout treatment to monitor changes.

Orthodontic Photographs

These records, which include cephalometric and panoramic x-rays, digital photos and sometimes study models, help your orthodontist determine what treatment needs to be done.

Orthodontic Records

An x-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give your orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws and other important information.

Panoramic X-ray

Orthognathic surgery is surgery performed on the bones of the jaws to change their positions. It may be considered for functional, cosmetic, or health reasons. It is surgery commonly performed on the jaws in conjunction with orthodontic treatment, which straightens the teeth.


Two phase orthodontic treatment is a very specialized process that encompasses tooth straightening and physical, facial changes. The major advantage of a two-phase treatment is to maximize the opportunity to accomplish the ideal healthy, functional, and aesthetic result that will remain stable throughout your life.

Two-phase Treatment

A clear wax used to prevent your braces from irritating your lips or cheeks when your braces are first put on, or as needed.


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